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Sri Kanchi Kamakshi Amman

Temple History

Kanchipuram is one of the seven sacred cities in India. Kamakshi Amman temple is one of the 51 Shakti Peethas in India. Shakti Peethas are the divine temples due presence of Devi Sati’s falling body parts from her corpse.
Kanchipuram is called as the city of temples owing its huge number of temples than any other city in India. The city is located on the Palar river. History proclaims that Kanchipuram was ruled by the Pallava Kings. The city is most famous for its silk production, Silk Variety and Quality.
The Kamakshi Temple is a famous Hindu temple dedicated to Kamakshi, one of the forms of the goddess Parvati. It is located in the historic city of Kanchipuram near Chennai India and is popularly associated with Sankaracharya one of the greatest Hindu gurus.

About the Temple:
Kanchi Kamakshi temple is spread over 5 acres of land and has four entrances. The main entrance of the temple has a Kalabhairavar deity on its left and the Mahishasura Mardini deity on the right. On the centre of the entrance you can see a huge Dwajasthampa. Moving further to the entrance of the Kamakshi deity you can see a Vinayaga deity. Moving on a straight line further, Goddess Kamakshi is visible. Goddess Kamakshi is surrounded by deities of Ayyapan, Saraswati, Annaporani and Adisankaracharya on its outer prakaram. The Goddess also has Varahi, Arupalakshmi Kalvarperumal (one of the 108 Divya Desam of Vaishanavities), Roopalakshmi and Arthanariswarar deities surrounding the sanctorum of Goddess on its Gayatri Mandapam. There is Santhanasthampam inside the prakaram of Goddess which is called the Nabisthan of the Goddess. There is a Srichakra Yantra (Sri Kamakoti Peetam) established by Jagadguru Sri Adisankaracharya in front of the Goddess deity. There is also a temple tank inside the premises. Kamakshi temple has a close relation with the Sri Kanchi Kamakoti Peetam and its successive Sankarcharyas. The temple has a gallery of Adisankarcharya's Life history inside the temple premises itself. Goddess Kamakshi is the main deity and the temple is one of the fifty one Shakti peetas. The temple is spelled as Nabisthana - Ottiyana peetam. The temple also has a golden Gopuram on the sanctorum of the Goddess Kamakshi deity which is visible to all devotees.

History:
The Goddess Kamakshi is in a sitting posture in the temple. This posture is called the Padmasana posture. The Padmasana posture is said to resemble a lotus. In the Yogic practice this resembles the form of meditation. The Goddess holds a Sugarcane bow on her left upper arm and Lotus, Parrot in her right upper arm. The Goddess also has divine chakras called Pasa and Angusa in her arms. The Goddess also has a Chandraperai (a shape of moon like structure) in her forehead. The Goddess Kamakshi is situated in the middle of temple premises.
Kamakshi Amman temple was built by the Pallavas during the 6th century and is around 2000- 3000 years old. The original Kamakshi Amman Temple that was built by the Pallavas is presently known as Adi Peeteswari or the Adi Peeta Parameswari, which is near to the presently famous Kamakshi Amman temple. The present Kamakshi Devi temple is known as Bhoga peetam.

The famous scholar and Saint Adi Shankaracharya founded the Sri Chakra at the original Kamakshi Amman temple. The present Kamakshi temple also has a Sri Chakra established by NrusimhAdvari during the 16th century. After traveling everywhere, when Adi Shankaracharya visited Kanchipuram, he felt the Goddess is in a fierce form. To change her intense form into a sober form and to accomplish her to normal state, the saint sung songs in praise of Goddess and established a Sri Chakra in front of her idol to keep her cool and personified. This Sri Chakram is visible to all of us and all the poojas are done to Sri Chakram also. The Saint established Sri Kanchi Kamakoti Peetam and attained Sarvagyna peetam in this holy city. This Sri Chakra soon became the All India famous Kamakoti Peeta. The glory of Kamakshi Devi is mentioned in Devimahatyam in Markandeya Puranam, Lalithopakyanam in Brahmanda Puranam, Sanathkumara Samihitha in Skanda Puranam and Kanchi Puranam.

According to a legend, an evil demon named Bandasura became very powerful after getting blessings from Lord Brahma after severe penance. But he took undue advantage of this power by troubling the Devgans. So humiliated were the Devgans that they went to Lord Shiva for help. Lord Shiva asked them to go to Kanchipuram through Bilamarga (tunnel) and pray for BalaTripurasundari Devi. BalaTripurasundari Devi looked pleased by Devgan’s prayers and she emerged in furious form to kill the demon. After killing the demon she started dragging the demon’s body and her angry was not subdued yet. Seeing her ferocious form Devgans got afraid and started to sing song of her praises to pacify her. BalaTripurasundari Devi later became normal. She came to be known as Kamakshi Devi due to her beautiful aura.

History reveals that Goddess Kamakshi was praying under a mango tree with a Shiva lingam made of sand to marry the great Lord Shiva. After a long duration of dedicated and devoted meditation to Lord Shiva, Lord Shiva appeared before her and married the Goddess Kamakshi, a divine form of Parvati.

There is also a legend that once Lord Vishnu turned to blue color due to the poison of Vasuki. Godded Lakshmi Devi made fun of her saying she is fairer than him. Lord Vishnu got angry and cursed her to become ugly. Goddess Lakshmi Devi realized her mistake and went to Kancheepuram to pray for Kamakshi Devi. Kamakshi Devi was pleased with Goddess Lakshmi’s prayer and asked her to stay on her left side.

 

Additional Information

The city has many big temples like Sri Kamakshi Amman Temple, Sri Ekambaranthar Temple, Sri Varadaraja Perumal Temple, Sri Ulagalanda Perumal Temple, Sri Kumarakottam Temple, Sri Kailasanathar Temple, Sri Kachapeswarar Temple and much more.

The city has a huge spree of Silk Weavers Society. The city is quite famous all over the world for its Silk Variety and Quality. There is huge demand for export of Silk saris within and outside India.

Many Hotels and Lodges are available for the devotees accommodation in Kanchipuram.

Kanchipuram city is near to Chennai City in a distance of 73 Km. Many buses and trains are available to reach this temple.

From the Kanchipuram bus stand and the Kanchpuram railway station, this temple is just with in a Kilometer. Many autos and horse carts are there to reach this temple. Arakkonam Railway Junction is 29.6 Km from here.
  • Darshanam: Morning 05:30AM - 12:00PM, Evening 04:00PM - 08:00PM
  • Contact Person: Temple Office
  • Contact Number: +91 44 272 33433, 2722 1214
www.kanchikamakshi.com, www.srikanchikamakshi.org