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Goddess Mansa Devi

Temple History

Mansa Devi temple is the holy Siddh Peeth which is dedicated to Mata Mansa Devi. According to the Hindu mythology and legend, the head of Devi Sati had fallen over here. The Mansa Devi Temple houses two temples. The temple was established in the year 1815 A.D by the ruler of Mani Majra. Later a new temple was set up by the Maharaja of Patiala.

The shrine located on the foot hills of Shivalik is an epitome of age old tradition of ‘Shakti’ worship in northern India. Himalaya being the abode of Shiva and his consort’shakti’ became centre of shakti worship. In the vicinity of Panchkula there are numerous Shakti worshipping centers known by their names such as Chandi, Kalika, Mansa, Bhima etc. Hence, mythological speaking, Chandigarh-Panchkula region undoubtedly continued to be living legends of shaktism where its practices are in vogue. However, the present temple which stands a witness to the exciting past of the Shivalik region is about two hundred years old.

Maharaja Gopal Singh of Manimajra constructed the present main temple of Shri Mansa Devi, which is situated on the Shivalik foothills in village Bilaspur, Tehsil and District Panchkula, during the period 1811-1815. At a distance of 200 meters from the main temple is the Patiala temple which was got constructed by Sh. Karam Singh, the then Maharaja Patiala in the year 1840.

wo temples are located in the complex of Mansa Devi. The main temple is dedicated to Mansa who is worshipped in the sanctum sanctorum both in the form of ‘pindi’ as well as in her anthropomorphic form executed on a marble. In the sanctum sanctorum she is worshipped with Devi Saraswati and Lakshmi in the form of Pindi (Stone pebbles). Originally the pindis were only worshipped by the devotees. However, in modern times a marble bust of the deity was got sculpted for giving an attractive human look (form) to the deity. She is beautifully decorated with crown and other ornaments.

Interestingly the architecture of the main temple (Mansa Devi) is not in consonance with the Shivalik region where usually a typical ‘ Nagara’ or curvilinear spira temples were erected. This is in sharp contrast to the environment of the region as the main temple manifests a typical mogul architecture represented by domes and minarets.

Architecturally speaking the temple has been built in Panchayatana pattern in which at four cardinal corners stand four shrines with the main shrine (fifth shrine) being located the center

In sharp contrast to the Mansa Devi temple, Patiala temple has a typical ‘ nagara’ curvelinear spire with miniature shrines decorated on its body from bottom to top of the spire. This architectural a style definitely goes in consonance with the shivalik background. The colossal temple is built in pancharatha style with four projections or transected parts on its four sides bearing semi pyramidal conical spires on the tops. These are called 'shikkars' or cronical shapes on the main domes.

In the sanctorum the Devi is worshipped in its anthropomorphic form sculpted on marble. The bust is enshrined in a silver plated small vaulted shrine showing a beautiful decoration of silver embossing works throughout the body of the miniature vaulted shrine. Here also the pindi (stone) is worshipped along with the marble bust.

The architecture of the main temple has mughal features but this temple has a covered 'Parikarma', which is a salient features of Hindu art & architecture. Patiala temple on the other hand has Hindu features in its architecture, but it has an open Parikarma, which is in marked departure from the traditional Hindu architecture.

 

Additional Information

Every year two Navratra melas are organised in the month of Aswin (Shardiya) [Winter Navratra] and other in the month of Chaitra [Spring Navratra] by the Shrine Board. Lakhs of devotees pay obeisance during the navratra mela held in Ashwin and Chaiter and temples remain open through out the day. These melas are of 9 days duration each time and concludes on 9th day. The shrine Board makes elaborate arrangements for the comfortable stay and darshan of the devotees. The board makes arrangements for the provision of Chhowldari, tented accommodation, durries, blankets, temporary toilets, temporary dispensaries, mela police post and lines. During the mela, Duty Magistrates and Nodal Officers are appointed to look after the devotees and smooth conduct of the mela. On the 7th and 8th day of Navratras, the temples of Shrine Complex are closed only for two hours during the night for cleaning/ maintenance of temples. For the rest of Navratras, the temples remain open for darshan from 5 a.m. to 10 p.m.

From Chandigarh International Airport the temple is 15.9 Km, from Chandigarh Railway Station it is 5.1 km and from Panchkula Inter State Bus Terminus it is 4.5 Km From Bhainsa Tibba Bus Stop it is at a walkable distance of 650m.

Mansa Devi temple can be reached by local buses or autorickshaws. The Chandigarh Transport Undertaking and even the Haryana Roadways have special buses during the Navratra fair.
  • 4-00 A.M. to 10-00 P.M (summer), 5-00 A.M. to 9-00 P.M (winter)
  • Contact Person: Mata Mansa Devi Shrine Board
  • Contact Number: +91-172-2556328
http://mansadevi.nic.in/