Goddess Shitala

Temple History

The Shitala Devi temple dedicated to Shitala Devi, also houses the pindas of the Saptamatrikas (the seven mother goddesses). The temple is widely venerated for its belief in curing smallpox and chicken pox, and it is also visited by devotees for wish fulfillment. A statue of Yaksha of the Mauryan art period stands guard outside the temple. It was described earlier by Alexander Cunningham when he visited the site in 1879–80. This artifact is not traceable in the present day. Agam Kuan is adjacent to the temple. First people visit the well and perform puja then visit the temple. Water from Agam kuan is used for puja in temple.


Additional Information

Agam Kuan was identified by British explorer, Laurence Waddell, while exploring the ruins of Pataliputra in 1890s. the legendary well built by Ashoka for the purpose of torture before he embraced Buddhism as part of Ashoka's Hell chambers. Another popular legend states that this was the well where Ashoka threw 99 of his elder half-brother's heads and put the heads in the well to obtain the throne of the Mauryan Empire. According to a myth, the well has a subterranean link with the Patala (netherworld) or hell; this was inferred on the basis that a saint found a heavy log in the well which was supposed to have been lost in the sea. Another geo-hydrological link suggested that Agam Kuan is connected to the Ganges river. The site is also connected with several Jain legends, the most notable of them being that of a Jain monk, Sudarshana, who, when thrown into the well by a king named Chand, floated to the surface and was found seated on a lotus. Visitors throw coins into Agam Kuan, as it is still considered auspicious. It is used for many religious ceremonies, especially Hindu weddings. Dating to Mohammedan rule, the Mughal officials offered coins of gold and silver to Agam Kuan.

From Jay Prakash Narayan International Airport, Patna Agamkua temple is 12.1 km. From Patna Junction it is 6.9 km , Rajendra Nagar Terminal 3.6 Km and from Gulzarbagh Railway Station 850m. The temple is 8.2 Km from Mithapur Bus Stand and 7m from Agam Kuan Bus Stand. Autos and city buses are easily available for the temple.
  • 6.00 am to 1.00 pm, 3.00 pm to 9.00 pm
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  • Contact Number: +9176777 35188