Lord Vishnu

Temple History

Sri Bhuvarahaswamy Temple is situated in Srimushnam of Cuddalore district. This temple is dedicated to Sri Varahaswamy an incarnation of Lord Vishnu and his consort Lakshmi as Ambujavalli Thayar. 'Bhu' refers to Earth and 'Varaha' refers to Boar. Hence, the Lord is called `Bhuvaraha'. Perumal graces in the temple as swayambumurthi of Salagrama stone. Sri Bhu Varaga Swamy graces in a standing form facing west while his face faces south.

Sri Bhuvarahaswamy Temple (also spelt as Bhoovarahaswamy Temple/ Sri Bhuvaragan), Srimushnam is one of the eight Svayam Vyakta Kshetras of Vaishnavas (Vishnu temples with self-manifesting deities). It is noteworthy that 8 Vishnu shrines in the country exist of themselves -1)Sri Rangam, 2) Srimushnam, 3)Tirupathi, 4)Vanamamalai, 5) Salagramam, 6) Pushkaram, 7)Naimisaranyam and 8)Badarikashram.

The temple had contributions from Medieval Cholas of the 10th century with later expansions by Thanjavur Nayaks king Achuthappa Nayak. A granite wall surrounds the temple, enclosing all the shrines and the bodies of water. There is a seven-tiered Rajagopuram, the temple's gateway tower, in the temple.

It is said that, Lord Vishnu created the pushkarani with the sweat emanating from his body after his battle with Hiranyakshan. As his last wish on the death bed, Hiranyakshan requested the lord to turn towards his direction.Hence Bhoovaraha’s face is seen turned towards the south in the direction of the asura, while the body bearing a human shape is facing West, in the direction of the devotees.The lord here is in the form of a small idol signifying the Varaha Avatar.

Chaitanya Mahaprabhu visited this kshetra (holy place) during his tour of the south and it is mentioned in his writings. The temple of the white boar incarnation is situated at Vrddhakola, or Sri Musnam. The temple is made of stone and is located about one mile south of an oasis known as Balipitham. There is a Deity of the white boar incarnation, above whose head Sesha Naga serves as an umbrella.

Sri Boovarahaswamy temple, Srimushnam, incidentally, is a prarthana sthalam for childless couples. Women, who take bath in the sacred temple tank and recite the Varaha Kavacham are said to be blessed with progeny. This is also a prarthana sthalam for unmarried people who on offering their prayers to saptha Kannigal are said to find their match immediately.The principal deity is also believed to help devotees with the purchase of house and car.

The main Deity (Moolavar) is offered Thirumanjanam every day morning. Those praying for the wealth of children go round banyan tree, bear Santhanakrishnan on their lap and reap the benefit. Lighting the ghee lamp in this temple brings prosperity. The family will also flourish.

The temple follows Pancharatra mode of worship. There are two Brahmotsavams celebrated in the temple, one each during the Tamil month of Masi and other during the month of Chittirai (April -May). During the first, the festival deity of Bhu Varaha Swamy is taken for seven days around the villages of Srimushnam.

The 'Navarathri' festival is conducted with gaiety and exuberance. The Goddess, Hemambujavalli, is decorated with silk sarees and flower garlands. She is carried in a palanquin festooned with fragrant flowers on the last Friday of the Tamil months Aadi and Thai.

One of the specialties at this temple is the offering of Korai Kazhangu as prasadam to the Lord. Being Varaha, the Lord Bhuvarahan likes to eat 'Gorai kizhangu'. Therefore, this sweet dish (laddu) made out of Gorai kizhangu is presented as prasad.


Additional Information

Hotels are available near the temple. Best hotels and and lodge options are available at Virudhachalam and Kumbakonam cities which are near to this temple.

Hindu Muslim Unity during temple festival:
A tradition of over 150 years in Killai, a coastal village in Cuddalore district of Tamil Nadu, delivers lessons in communal amity when parts of the country have betrayed vulnerability to intolerance.

When the processional deity of Sri Bhoo Varaha Swamy temple is taken out in a procession through local hamlets, marking one of the high points of the festival, the temple car, as it reaches Killai (which is about 60 km from Srimushnam) during the Masi Maham festival, halts in front of a Dargah built for saint Hazrath Syed Sha Rahmathulla Shuttari and Muslims offer prayers and donation to the deity.

Syed V.N. Saqaf, Sajjada Nishin and Trustee, Hazrath Syed Sha Rahamathulla Shuttari Valiullah Dargah, Killai, said the saint had settled at Killai in 1720 AD. Nawab Mohammad Ali Walajah had gifted around 400 and odd acres of lands to him at Killai. “The trustee of the Dargah got the assistance of Uppu Venkatarao, a tahsildar, at Killai village to demarcate the lands belonging to the Dargah and redraw the boundaries,” Mr. Saqaf said.

The story goes that the trustee, as a gesture of appreciation of the services rendered by Uppu Venkatarao, made available 26 acres and 20 cents of land on permanent lease for a low rent. These lands are managed by the Bhoo Varaha Swamy Temple Trust. Every year, when the deity is taken out by the devotees during the Masi Maham festival, it passes through the Dargah in Killai. The deity halts in front of the Dargah to pay homage to the Sufi Saint, in appreciation of the granting of land, Mr. Saqaf said.

“During the half an hour halt in front of the Dargah, the Imam offers prayers, oblation of three kg of rice, dry fruits and coconuts to the deity. A silk shawl on the deity along with Tulsi leaves is offered at the Dargah for worship by Muslims,” said S.S. Ramanuja Bhattar, a priest in the Sri Boo Varaha Swamy Temple.

The chariot festival is a symbol of Hindu - Muslim unity in the region, with the flag of the temple chariot offered by the local Muslims. They also accept the offerings from the festival deity and present it to Allah in the mosques. The Muslim devotees thank Allah to have brought Bhu Varaha Swamy to their place.

Srimushnam temple is well connected with all the major cities of Tamilnadu state by road and rail ways. The famous Chidambaram temple is just 30 kms from here. Tamilnadu Government runs buses from various cities to this temple. Frequent buses run from near by towns like Pondicherry, Vriddhachalam, Chidambaram, Panruti and Villupuram.

Virudhachalam Junction is the nearest railway station which is just 22 kms in distance. Chidambaram railway station is 40 kms from the temple.

Tiruchirapalli International Airport is 144 kms.
  • 6:00 am to 12:00 pm and 4:00 pm to 8:00 pm
  • Contact Person: Temple Office
  • Contact Number: +91 4144 245090, 9442832905, 9442378330